The mismatch between this situation and social policies designed and implemented from other parameters and in another context is obvious. An obvious effect of all this is the proliferation of situations in which certain Country Email List groups remain in a situation of poverty despite working. This is the case of working poverty, embodied by the so-called working Country Email List poor or in-work poverty . The traditional conception of employment placed it as a guarantor of well-being in a multidimensional Country Email List manner and, on the other hand, conceived of poverty as basically linked to unemployment and labor inactivity5.
In this way, the protection systems differentiated the groups built on the basis of their Country Email List relationship with employment, ruling out, in some way, that they could end up mixing. The aid was proposed for those who did not have a Country Email List job and, having contributed, they were entitled to that aid. The non-contributory or welfare aids were designed for those non-workers who presented situations of need. Faced with the traditional conception of poverty understood as the lack of sufficient Country Email List economic income, studies on social exclusion provided a multidimensional view of difficult situations.
Social exclusion can help describe more precisely the heterogeneous, multidimensional, procedural and structural nature of certain situations of difficulty experienced in contemporary societies6. But, on the other Country Email List hand, it generates the need to overcome the traditional logic of public administrations based on the hierarchy between spheres of government and on a division of competences, when, in fact, accommodating public action to the logic of exclusion requires Country Email List working in a more comprehensive (between spheres of government) and transversal (between different jurisdictional spaces). And, furthermore, all of this works better if you act from close to the problems, while in general it is customary to make significant Country Email List decisions in social policies in the sphere of the state-national government, which implies deciding from afar and, necessarily, with homogeneous logic.